PANNA: Resource Pointer #387: Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
*Genetically Engineered Crops and Pesticide Use in the United States: The First Nine Years, 2004* Charles M. Benbrook. Reveals that farmers now use more pesticides on the top three genetically engineered (GE) crops--corn, soybeans, and cotton--than on conventional varieties. Predicts that the intensity of herbicide use on GE crops is not likely to subside in the near future because of the popularity of herbicide tolerant (HT) varieties (tolerant to glyphosate), the limited supply of seeds for non-HT varieties, and increasingly aggressive pesticide industry campaigns targeting farmers growing HT crops. Available as a free download at http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_environment/biotechnology/page.cfm?pageID=1542. Contact Union of Concerned Scientists, 2 Brattle Square, Cambridge, MA 02238-9105; phone (617) 547-5552; fax (617) 864-9405; website http://www.ucsusa.org/.
*Control Through Contamination: US Forcing GMO Corn and Free Trade on Mexico and Central America, 2003* S'ra DeSantis. Looks at the dangers genetically engineered crops and foods pose to human health, the environment and farming communities. Also focuses on the ways that free trade agreements force GMOs (genetically modified organisms) into Mexico and Central America. 28 pages. Available online as a free download at http://www.asej.org/index.php?name=home&ID=59. Contact ISE Biotechnology Project, Northeast Resistance Against Genetic Engineering, 1118 Maple Hill Road, Plainfield, VT 05667; phone (802) 454-7138; email info@neRAGE.org; website http://www.nerage.org/.
*Status of crop biotechnologies in Developing Countries - FAO report, 2003* Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Contains an on-line searchable database called FAO-BioDeC, providing information on biotechnology products and techniques in use or in the pipeline in developing countries. Entries cover genetically modified crops and non-GM biotechnologies. Accessible in Arabic, English, French and Spanish. 53 pages. Available as a free download at http://www.fao.org/biotech/. Contact FOA, Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture; email firstname.lastname@example.org website http://www.fao.org/biotech/.*GM Contamination Register, Website*http://www.gmcontaminationregister.org/. GeneWatch UK and Greenpeace. Intended to be a resource for individuals, public interest groups and governments. Searchable website gives details of all the known cases of GM contamination of food, feed, seed and wild plants that have taken place worldwide. Includes information about, and links to GeneWatch UK and Greenpeace websites as well as other useful sites. Contact GeneWatch UK, The Mill House, Manchester Road, Tideswell, Buxton, Derbyshire SK17 8LN, UK; email email@example.com; website http://www.genewatch.org.