Two pesticides of concern, fipronil and thiacloprid (a neonicotinoid), operate in combination with a common pathogen to dramatically increase bee death. And they do so at very low, sub-lethal levels.
It is estimated that seven in ten U.S. bee hives are infected with the parasite Nosema ceranae. A study released in June found that 47% of infected bees die. However, when also exposed to low levels of pesticides, the mortality rate jumps to 71%.
On their own, both parasites and pesticides pose dangers to bee populations. But collectively, their impact is dramatically increased, even when the pesticide exposure is minimal. The study showed that a daily exposure to 1/100th concentration of the LD50, the dose at which 50% of the population dies, "significantly affects the mortality rate of N. ceranae-infected honey bees."
Bee Discussion Guide
As we honor World Food Day and U.S. Food Day, we invite you to dedicate the conversation around your dinner table to honey bees — the pollinators responsible for much of the food we eat. Get started, download the bees dinner discussion guide.
Bees have been dying off in droves around the world since the mid-1990s. First in France, then in the U.S. and elsewhere, colonies have been mysteriously collapsing with adult bees disappearing, seemingly abandoning their hives. In 2006, about two years after this phenomena hit the U.S., it was named “Colony Collapse Disorder,” or CCD. It's becoming increasingly clear that multiple, interacting causes are at play in CCD, and that immune system damage is a key factor.
Bees provide for us all
Honey bees pollinate one in every three bites of food we eat, and they need our help. This month we honor World Food Day and U.S. Food Day. Why not celebrate the variety and abundance made possible by these noble and necessary creatures?
Invite friends and family over for a meal, download a dinner discussion guide and reflect on the various ways we rely on bees for daily nourishment.
How do they impact our lives?
- What can we do to help them survive the current crisis they face?